A lot of patients doubt gynecologists and obstetricians. Are these two the same or different? Well, gynecologists and obstetricians are both from the same medical field, but the key difference is that they deal with two distinct aspects of the female reproductive system.
In simple terms, they specialize in feminine reproductive health. A gynecologist broadly deals with women’s overall reproductive health, whereas obstetrics specializes in pregnancy care.
Specifically, an obstetrician deals with pregnancy care, childbirth (both vaginal and cesarean section births), NICU care, general post-natal care, fertility treatment, and everything related to childbirth and pregnancy.
On the other hand, gynecologists mainly deal with complete female reproductive health issues such as treatment for uterine conditions, reproductive wellness checks, urinary tract problems, cervical and breast cancer screenings, STI treatment, and many other reproductive issues.
Primarily, a doctor specializes in both (gynaecology and obstetrics) disciplines. And doctors with both specializations can deal with the general reproductive health of a female and pregnancy until childbirth.
What is a gynecologist?
Typically, we can define a gynecologist as a physician or surgeon qualified to practice in gynaecology. In simple terms, a gynecologist is a doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders or diseases related to female reproductive organs and the female genital tract. A gynecologist mainly treats non-pregnant women or those with reproductive problems, except for the condition of pregnancy.
A gynecologist may help women maintain reproductive health, but as soon as a woman conceives a baby, the obstetrician’s role begins until she delivers a healthy baby.
Moreover, a gynecologist can also be an obstetrician who can diagnose and treat all female reproductive issues, including pregnancy and childbirth.
However, as explained in the above section, these two roles and their responsibilities differ.
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What does a gynecologist do?
Mainly, a gynecologist provides females with reproductive and sexual health services, including pelvic exams, Pap tests, services, breast cancer screenings, diagnosis, and treatment of all female reproductive organs (including ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, etc.), and treatment for vaginal infections and urinary tract infections.
A gynecologist generally diagnoses and treats all the disorders or abnormalities of a female reproductive system, including issues like endometriosis, infertility, ovarian cysts (PCOS), uterine issues, menstrual problems, and pelvic pain.
The specialized gynecologists also treat women with ovarian, cervical, breast, or other reproductive cancers.
Gynecologists can also practice as obstetricians, providing pregnancy care to women and assisting them in childbirth. A gynecologist with expertise in obstetrics is known as an OB-GYN.
A gynecologist can be a subspecialist in fields like breast care, family planning, minimally invasive surgery, pediatric and adolescent gynaecology, pelvic medicine, and reconstructive surgery.
Reasons to see a gynecologist?
One can visit a gynecologist to know her reproductive health, whether she has any pelvic area problems, whether she is suffering from an abnormal menstrual cycle and many other things that make her uncomfortable or feel abnormal.
Here is a list of reasons to guide you if you need a gynecologist checkup.
Never had a checkup
A regular visit to the gynecologist is crucial for female reproductive health. If you have not visited a gynecologist since the beginning of your menstruation, you must do it as soon as possible.
Also, if it has been a long time since your last visit to the gynecologist, it would be best to do it now.
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Pelvic area discomfort
The female lower belly is the pelvic region, where reproductive organs are present. Any pain or discomfort in this area can be a symptom of issues in reproductive organs. Pelvic pain is other than a general menstrual cramp and is not suitable for your health.
Menstrual Health Concerns
Anything related to menstruation needs a gynecologist visit. Females with irregular menstrual cycles, abnormal cramps, and bleeding must see a gynecologist. Women near or suffering from menopause should also get checkups.
You can also visit a gynecologist if you are expecting pregnancy and want to confirm it. She can even help you with your doubts regarding pregnancy, like ways to avoid it.
Females suffering from abnormal vagainal discharge or odour must see a gynecologist to take proper treatment.
At what age do I see a gynecologist?
A female gets related to a gynecologist since her puberty. Girls must visit a gynecologist at the onset of their menstruation or if it does not happen between the ages of 13-15. After this, you can see a gynecologist whenever you have any of the above problems, and you are near menopause around the age of 40-50.
What to Expect at the Gynecologist?
Initially, you might be nervous about your first gynecologist visit; you want to know What to Expect from a Gynecologist or any other doubt.
A few things are mentioned below that you can expect at a Gynecologist visit.
- Paperwork about your details
- General physical examination
- Breast external genital examination
- Pelvic examination
- SIT test
Gynaecology and obstetrics is a branch of medicine that deals with the diseases related to women. It has become an important part of medical practice, as it deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases in women.
If you want to learn more about Gynaecology & Obstetrics then you can get in touch with us by requesting a call back from our team.